Climate > Korea
Korea is located in the middle latitude of the temperate regions with four distinct seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. In winter, it is affected by cold, dry, continental high atmospheric pressure and is cold and dry. In summer, it is muggy because of hot, humid North Pacific high atmospheric pressure, while in spring and fall its weather is clear and dry because of moving high atmospheric pressure.
Temperature With the exception of the mountainous middle, Korea's yearly average temperature is 10-16 ℃; with 27 ℃ in the hottest month of August; temperatures of 16-19 ℃ in May; 11-19 ℃ in October; and -6 to -7 ℃ in January, the coldest month.
Yearly precipitation "Rainfall is 1100-1400 mm in the central region; 1000-1800 mm in the southern region; 1000-1200 mm in the Gyeongbuk region; 1800 mm on parts of the Gyeongnam coast; and 1450-1850 mm on Jeju-do. About 50-60% of rain falls during summer. (Based on average yearly values from 1971-2000 at 60 points of continuous observation over 20 years)"
Wind There are distinct seasonal differences in wind systems, with northern winds generally strong in winter and southern winds generally strong in summer. The wind is comparatively weak in September-October, but land and sea breezes clearly affect coastal regions.
Humidity Humidity is high at 80% across the country in July and August and about 70% in September and October.
Rainy season The rainy season begins in Jeju in the middle-later part of June and gradually spreads inward in June. The rainy season lasts about 30 days.
Typhoon There are about 28 typhoons per year in the western part of the Northern Pacific, and 2-3 of these directly or indirectly affect Korea.
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